A hosting plan or web hosting is a service that hosts websites, databases, applications, and email on servers. Thus, information is available on the internet continuously.
In this post, we are going to try to describe, in a very simple way, the services that comprise them.
It refers to the number of accommodations or websites with different domains that the service allows to host.
It is the space you have to store your website. In it you can store the contents of mailboxes of email accounts, databases if any… etc.
It is usually measured in GB (gigabytes). One Giga equals 1,024 MB (megabytes).
There are various types of databases. Two types are usually offered in shared hosting plans:
- MySQL. It is a type of database that can operate under Linux or Windows platform. In general, some very common applications require this type of database to operate. For example: the WordPress CMS, the Joomla content manager, the Moodle educational platform, Wikipedia or forums like PHPBB.
- SQLServer. It is another type of databases that only operates only under the Windows platform.
Transfer or traffic
It is measured in Gb (gigabits) and refers to the traffic that the web has. It is the consumption that is made every time someone visits the web, content is uploaded or mail is sent and received.
To give you a rough idea, 1 Gigabit transfer can be equivalent to 7,000 or 8,000 visits on a simple website.
It is the number of email accounts that you can create under the name of your domain. For example, you can create email accounts with the structure email@example.com. For your email accounts, you have two different protocols:
- POP3. It means that the accounts are configurable in a mail manager (such as Outlook, Thunderbird, Mail … etc.). If you configure accounts through POP, each time you download the information to your computer, you empty the email content on the server and free up space so that new information can continue to enter your accommodation.
- IMAP. With this configuration protocol, in addition to downloading the information to your mail manager (such as Outlook, Thunderbird, Mail … etc.), it keeps those same emails on the server. Even if you have made the download in the manager or email client that you usually use.
The mail can be consulted using a specific manager on your own computer (Outlook, Thunderbird, Mail… etc.) Or by accessing to check the mailboxes of your accounts directly on the Internet (webmail access).
These are the responses that you can configure to be sent automatically every time someone writes you an e-mail. The responses are configured by the mailbox user, including the text that most interests them. For example: «Thank you very much for writing to us. We will answer your query shortly » . This application is very useful for communicating during vacation periods and/or advising the user to get in touch through another contact email.
With this option, the accounts that are created under the domain of your website, you can redirect them to other different accounts so that those messages also reach you.
Additional FTP accounts
It is important to differentiate the main FTP access, which are the keys that allow you to “hang” your website in the space offered on the remote server, from the additional FTP accounts. These are those directories (additional spaces) that can be created on the server and protected with a username and password. And which can also be accessed through FTP.
The fundamental difference between the additional FTP accounts compared to the main FTP access account is that they are completely independent directories (folders) in which no more information is shown to the user than what you want to save in that specific directory. While with the main access the user can access a large part of the “web structure”.
The service of additional FTP accounts is very useful, for example, for companies where they work with very heavy files that can give an error when sending by mail or that can take a long time to send by this means. It is preferable to create an additional FTP account, store the information in it and provide the passwords to the people who have to access to view these files.
Parking or domain aliases
In case you have the main domain and you want to “park” another one on the main one, this operation can be done. Once the alias or redirection has been created, anyone can access the same website.
All hosting plans usually include a control panel from which the user can carry out various operations – to create email accounts, access visit or consumption statistics, view web directories, access the MySQL database manager.
From this panel, you can also auto-install many applications that may be interesting to you: photo galleries, forums, blogs, managers to organize the content of your website…. etc.
Antivirus and antispam
In some servers, an antispam-antivirus system is implemented in the mail to prevent the arrival of spam or spam.
Fixed IP and dedicated IP
An IP is a numerical address on the internet, for example: 126.96.36.199. Every domain or website is associated with an IP address. The dedicated IP is used, for example, to install an SSL or payment security certificate so that all data included through a web form travel encrypted to your destination.